How Sleep Impacts Academics
Losing sleep over not getting enough sleep.
Your child begs you to stay up for just one more hour. That extra hour may be for TV, video games, downloading music, or to complete homework. What you may not realize is that just one hour less of sleep can do more than simply make your kid grouchy the next day—it can have a significant impact on academic performance.
An article in New Yorker Magazine called Snooze or Lose* gathered findings from various studies on sleep deprivation in children. Results indicated that a child’s number of sleep hours is directly linked to academic performance.
Children’s brains are in a growth stage until the age of 21, and the majority of that growth occurs while children sleep, so even a short reduction in sleep time is detrimental to academic performance.
Some of the findings from these studies include:
- Standardized test scores among sleep-reduced students were roughly 7 points lower than among students who got a full night sleep
- Measurement tools showed that, during class time, one hour of sleep loss is equivalent to the loss of two years of cognitive growth
- Identification of a link to high school grade points. For teenagers, 15 extra minutes of sleep can mean the difference between an A and a B
Using MRI scans, scientists are able to identify how the brain processes information at night. During the day, each separate area of the brain temporarily absorbs information, similar to a holding tank. During sleep, the day’s absorbed information is processed and relocated to permanent storage areas. And, each stage of sleep plays a different role in the processing of information.
At the end of a particular grueling day of class—think mental exhaustion—kids need even more sleep time so that the brain can properly process and store information.
So, as a parent, how regimented should you be regarding bedtimes? If you are like most parents, then a strict bedtime becomes less strict by the time Friday hits. But one researcher found that sleep loss is cumulative and another, that every missed hour of weekend sleep creates a cumulative sleep debt.
*Snooze or Lose was written by Po Bronson with files from Ashley Merryman.